Soldiers & Gunners
The Mary Rose was one of the first English ships designed just as a warship. She carried a battery of heavy guns that could damage enemy ships, and lots of small guns for shooting at their crews. The bigger guns had a gunner in charge of the gun crew. There were 30 gunners on the Mary Rose in 1545. 185 soldiers were also on board. They could defend the Mary Rose, board enemy ships or fight ashore. They used guns and longbows to shoot at the enemy. When it came to hand-to-hand fighting, the soldiers were armed with swords, daggers and long spears called pikes and bills.